Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison
Michel Foucault: A Collection of Available Texts
Provided below are the various Foucault texts — including the complete lectures at the College de France — accumulated over the past 2 1/2 months here made freely available to all seekers of knowledge:
Sarah Diemer (via cassket)
This is why we write stories with queer characters. We didn’t grow up with any.
This, this, this, this, THIS.(via deadladyofclowntown)
As a feminist who enjoys a lot of genres that aren’t usually lady-friendly, it always irks me when people claim they have strong, feminist characters in their stories, but in reality they’re neither of those things. Sometimes a character’s qualities are debatable, but I wanted to make a list of things that don’t necessarily make a strong female character:
1) She is a woman/girl. Okay, so you created a female character. That’s a good start. But even Bella Swan from Twilight is a woman and I wouldn’t call her a good representation of feminism and modern womanhood. Is your character reflective of real women, or is she part of a stereotype? Do you even know the kinds of problems real women face? Does she face appropriate obstacles?
2) She can kill people, ergo she is a strong woman. Being a strong woman does not necessarily mean she can bash in skulls or toss people across the room. It means that she is psychologically, emotionally, and sometime physically well developed and can hold her own against opponents. Yes, it is refreshing to see female characters that are not physically wimpy and dependent, but if her character isn’t fully fleshed out, she’s just a tool. Try to make your female characters as complex and realistic in the story as possible.
3) She is a feminist. Okay, who says she’s a feminist? You, or her actions? Being a feminist is more than just saying “I’m a feminist.” Does she illuminate women’s issues during her story arc? Does she legitimately stand for all women’s rights, or just a stereotype of women’s rights (i.e. fauxminism)? Don’t make a straw feminist (see Feminist Frequency’s video on the Straw Feminist).
4) She doesn’t act like other women. Okay, this is really common in genres like fantasy and scifi, and it’s really problematic. First, you are assuming that all women act in a certain manner, which is not the case. Second, this most likely means that you are not writing a female character, you are writing a male character with boobs. This isn’t necessarily a good representation of womanhood. The point of avoiding stereotypes and cliches when writing for a female character is not to eliminate femininity and womanhood, but instead to adopt a more enlightened and diverse perspective on womanhood. Many things factor into a woman’s life that make her unique from other women. You have to consider things like class, race, culture, situation, history, and other perspectives that you design for her. This is also why it’s important to have multiple women in any story, because if you write five very diverse male characters but only one female character, it is easy to assume from the audience’s perspective that all women behave as that one female character does, and this is part of why sexism is so prevalent in media today.
5) She is the main character. Again, this kind of goes back to point #1. It is great to have women in main roles instead as just a sidekick or love interest, but if she isn’t a well developed, strong, and complex character, there’s really no point for her to even exist, other than to maybe be eye candy or a foil for a scenario.
I could go on and on and on forever and ever about sexism in media, mostly in fantasy, scifi, and horror (which are my favorite genres), but that would take way too long and I have to make a taco pizza (that’s a pizza with taco ingredients for toppings, if you were wondering). If you’re interested in this sort of stuff like I am, then check out Feminist Frequency. They offer great videos on a variety of topics concerning women in media. These were mostly just some tips I wanted to offer for young writers, film makers, game designers, comic artists, and other crafters of media about handling women in media. If people like this post, I may consider doing one for queer people, too…
Black History eBook Pack 3: Ivan Van Sertima
- They Came Before Columbus
- Early America Revisited
- African Prescence in Early Europe
- African Prescence in Early Asia
- Eygpt Revisited
- Great-Black-Leaders-Ancient-and Modern
- Great African Thinkers Volume I: Cheikh Anta Diop
- Download Link Black History eBook Pack 3 part 1
Download Link Black History eBook Pack 3 part 2
It is compressed in a RAR file. If on a mac use Zipeg to uncompress the file. If on Windows you use WinRAR. All the files in the folder are pdf’s. You can view on your laptop, tablet or smartphone.
Myles na gCopaleen’s first Cruiskeen Lawn column (originally all in Irish) on October 4th, 1940, as quoted in Taaffe, p. 96
As Taaffe describes it, this was a parody of the Irish-language “revival’s limited image of the language”, but also obviously a riff or commentary on wartime journalism (it’s pretty hilarious that he glossed ‘Molotov bread-basket’, a Russian aerial dispersal bomb, as Manna Rúiseach, using a word that is of course not Irish, but familiar to a rigorously Christian population, that in fact explains more than does the original idiom). There was also a political subtext to the satire:
“The revivalist argument that the Irish language was a bastion of purity and nationhood which would protect the Irish people from the depravity of modern European or American culture had always been farcical. Now that Ireland’s isolation really had been achieved, not by linguistic fiat but by political machinations in wartime, the aspiration was doubly ironic. After all, the revivalist ambition itself was a product of European romanticism, and […] there was an ominous similarity between the arguments of exclusivist nationalists and the tenor of contemporary European politics.”
The “hackneyed Irish phrases”, as noted in the reference, “betray the revival’s emphasis on classical bardic poetry [dán díreach, a particular metre/type of poetry] and the folk Irish proverbs [sean-fhocla, or literally ‘old words’] and ‘common speech’ (lit. ‘the speech of the people’) [caint na ndaoine].”
What’s more interesting to me, however, is the fact that béarla is the Irish word for ‘dialect’ or speech, as well as, capitalised, the English language (both my foclóir póca and Dinneen agree on this). ‘English’ as describing a person or place is, of course, Sasánach, presumably derived in a rather racialised manner from ‘Saxon’ - much like the Irish are referred to as Gaels both in their own language and, traditionally, as Béarla. But it means that when coming to describing the greatest linguistic and cultural imposition* on Gaelic life, it seems we didn’t even bother to come up with a new word - it’s just (other) speech. Is that post-colonial [poco] or what?
*Dinneen also gives béarla Críort, literally ‘Christ language’, as Latin; my more modern pocket dictionary gives the much less inspiring, but possibly more historically accurate, Laidin**.
**bearlachas (uncapitalised), which I suppose directly translates to language-ness, is the Irish for ‘anglicism’, or more generally speech which translates directly between English and Irish without regard for proper grammar, syntax or idiom.(via hardcorefornerds)
Feminist texts written by women of color
This list is still a work in progress, but I really wanted to get it posted. I have either read parts of/all of the texts below or they have been recommended to me. Please reblog and add your own suggestions to the list. Each time someone adds something new, I’ll go back to this original post and make sure to include them. Thanks and enjoy!
- Women, Race, and Class by Angela Davis
- Women Culture and Politics by Angela Davis
- Black Feminist Thought by Patricia Hill Collins
- Borderlands/La frontera: The New Mestiza by Gloria Anzaldua
- Aint I a Woman: Black Women and Feminism by bell hooks
- Feminism is for Everybody by bell hooks
- Feminist Theory from Margin to Center by bell hooks
- Sister Outsider by Audre Lorde
- Feminism without Borders: Decolonizing Theory, Practicing Solidarity by Chandra Talpade Mohanty
- Medicine Stories by Aurora Levins Morales
- Reimagining Equality: Stories of Gender, Race, and Finding Home by Anita Hill
- Killing the Black Body: Race, Reproduction, and the Meaning of Liberty by Dorothy Roberts
- Conquest: Sexual Violence and American Indian Genocide by Andrea Smith
- Companeras: Latina Lesbians by Juanita Ramos and the Lesbian History Project
- Colonize This! Young Women of Color on Today’s Feminism edited by Daisy Hernandez
- This Bridge Called My Back edited by Cherríe Moraga and Gloria Anzaldúa
- this bridge we call home: radical visions for transformation edited by Gloria Anzaldúa and AnaLouise Keating
- Making Face, Making Soul/Haciendo Caras: Creative and Critical Perspectives by Feminists of Color edited by Gloria Anzaldúa
- Women Writing Resistance: Essays from Latin America and the Caribbean edited by Jennifer Browdy de Hernandez
- Unequal Sisters edited by Ellen DuBois and Vicki Ruiz
- The Color of Violence: The Incite! Anthology
- “Compulsory Heterosexuality and Lesbian Existence” by Adrienne Rich
- “Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence Against Women of Color.” by Kimberle Crenshaw
- The Combahee River Collective Statement
Other authors and poets you should know
- Maya Angelou
- Toni Morrison
- Alice Walker
- Nawaal El Sadaawi
- Mary Crow Dog
- Zora Neale Hurston
- Arundhati Roy
- Zadie Smith
- Dorothy Roberts
- Nikki Giovanni
Reblogging for future reference.
- At the Dark End of the Street: Black Women, Rape, and Resistance - a New History of the Civil Rights Movement from Rosa Parks to the Rise of Black Power by Danielle L. McGuire
y’all i’m reading a really gr8 book. you should probably check this shit out. it tells the stories of the black womyn activists that are generally reduced to footnotes in mainstream historical accounts of the modern civil rights movement. i was a little offput to find out that the author is a white womyn (our stories are getting told the same way they always do, i suppose), but it’s still super interesting and informative. i would love to know if something like this has been written by black womyn writers!